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Fascinating Nightshade Facts You Should Learn Today

Following is our collection of super amazing and curious facts and details explaining Nightshade. This list is intended for research in school, for college students or just to feed your brain with. Possible use cases are in quizzes, differences, homework facts legend, cover facts, and many more. But nevertheless learn why is Nightshade so important!

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What is Nightshade about?

Top 10 Nightshade facts that will blow your mind.

  1. According to legend, everyone in America used to think tomatoes were poisonous, due to them being a member of the nightshade family. In 1820, New Jersey resident Robert Gibbon Johnson ate tomatoes in front of a large crowd to prove they were edible.

  2. French fries contain nicotine. Members of the nightshade family such as tobacco and potatoes contain nicotine as a natural pesticide.

  3. Belladonna or deadly nightshade was used in eye-drops by women to dilate the pupils of the eyes to make them appear seductive.

  4. Potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, chili peppers, petunias, and tobacco are all closely related, in the family of plants named after extremely poisonous nightshade, also closely related.

  5. The pesticides that are killing bees worldwide are chemically based off of the naturally occurring pesticide that evolved in nightshade family to protect itself from bugs - Nicotine.

  6. Fruit of deadly nightshade are black or purple berries. They contain sweet, black juice.

  7. Scopolamine (hyoscine) and atropine are two main alkaloids isolated from deadly nightshade. They are widely used in pharmaceutical and medical industry. Atropine is used as an antidote for poisoning induced by organophosphates, to dilate pupils during the eye surgery and in treatment of hypertension (it lowers blood pressure). Hyoscine is used as anesthetic, in treatment of major depressive disorders and to prevent motion sickness.

  8. Potatoes are members of the nightshade family, which some believe can make arthritis worse.

  9. Early humans were using deadly nightshade to prepare poison arrows. Ancient Romans were using deadly nightshade to eliminate enemy troops. Before the Medieval period, deadly nightshade was used as anesthetic during the surgeries.

  10. Girls used to put nightshade solution in their eyes to dilate their pupils and achieve a more desirable appearance.

Funny nightshade details

Interesting definitions that can be fact checked.

Birds and water disperse seed of deadly nightshade.

Deadly nightshade is known as belladonna, which means "beautiful lady" in Italian. Unusual name of the plant originates from old habit of Italian women to use eye drops made of deadly nightshade to dilate pupils and produce seductive gaze.

Deadly nightshade develops bell-shaped and purple colored flowers. Individual flowers grow in the axils of leaves.

Tobacco, potatoes, chili peppers, tomatillos, and tomatoes are all members of the nightshade family and tomatoes and potatoes can be quite lethal if the wrong part of the plant is consumed at the wrong quantity.

Despite high content of toxins in the plant, pheasant, sheep, rabbits, and hares eat deadly nightshade without visible side effects.

According to the legend, witches were preparing ointment made of belladonna and opium poppy to lubricate brooms and facilitate flying.

Poisonous beauty advice for Victorian women included: Lead face paint; Mercury for eye treatments; Belladonna drops (from the deadly nightshade plant) used for the 'dilated pupil is cool' look. Bathing in arsenic springs was highly recommended.

All parts of deadly nightshade contain tropane alkaloids (group of toxic chemicals) that induce strong hallucinations, delirium, blurred vision, headache and loss of balance (among other symptoms). One leaf or 2 to 5 berries contain enough toxins to kill an adult man. Root of the plant contains the greatest amount of toxins.

Deadly nightshade blooms from June to September. Main pollinators of the flowers are honeybees and bumblebees.

Deadly nightshade is herbaceous plant that can grow to the height of 5 feet. Purple (or reddish) stem is covered with short hairs.

Just like other member of the nightshade family, wolfberry also contains toxic alkaloids (group of chemicals). Level of these chemicals in wolfberry is low, which makes this plant safe for the human consumption.

Deadly nightshade has long, ovate leaves. They are green colored and have smooth texture. Leaves are alternately arranged or grouped in pairs composed of two leaves of uneven size.

Potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants are all members of the plant genus Solanum, which they share with the poisonous nightshade plants.

When tomatoes were first introduced to Europe, the French thought they were poisonous due to being a part of the nightshade family and their acidic juices damaging pewter platewear.

Tomatoes, peppers and other common foods are members of the nightshade family - most commonly known for the eponymous toxic nightshade plant

The common tomato is actually a berry from the nightshade family originating from South America

Deadly Nightshade of the species name belladonna (beautiful woman in Italian) was named because women would use it's poison to dilate the eyes for cosmetic effect.

Deadly nightshade is perennial plant (life span: more than two years in the wild).

Deadly nightshade is also known as Devil's Cherries, Naughty Man's Cherries, Divale, Devil's Herb and Dwayberry.

Deadly nightshade has thick, white root that is usually 6 inches long.

Tomatos are actually related to deadly nightshade because they come from the same plant family

When tomatoes were first brought to Europe they were thought to be poisonous because they were part of the Nightshade family. The native varieties were yellowish up until the 20th century when they were bred for a ripe red look.

Deadly nightshade is also known as belladonna, "beautiful lady" in Italian, because women in medieval times would use it to dilate their pupils, even though this meant an inability to focus, visual distortions and eventually blindness

Potatoes belong to the nightshade family and can kill you if you eat too many due to "solanine poisoning"

Potatoes and Tomatoes belong to the same plant family as Nightshade.